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UNITED NATIONS: UN SECRETARY GENERAL KOFI ANNAN TALKS ABOUT THE WORLD GLOBALIZATION OF COMMUNICATION AND TECHNOLOGY

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The Secretary General of the United Nations announced

to the General Assembly on Monday (April 3) his ambitious

goals for the millennium.

In a sweeping report prepared as a blueprint for a

millennium United Nations summit, U.N.Secretary-General Kofi

Annan set course on Monday (April 3) for a 21st century born

of benevolent globalization and human solidarity, with a big

boost from the Internet.

"If one word encapsulates the changes we are living

through, it is globalization.We live in a world that is

interconnected as never before.One in which groups and

individuals can interact more and more directly across state

frontiers, often without involving the state at all," Annan

told the world body.

But he cautioned that everybody is not equal in this world,

"One problem is that at present these opportunities are far

from equally distributed.How can we say that the half of the

human race which has yet to make or receive a telephone call,

let alone use a computer, is taking part in globalization? We

cannot without insulting their poverty."

The report is studded with proposals for making good on

many of the languishing ideals of the 55-year-old U.N.

Charter.

They range from halving the proportion of the world's

population - currently 22 percent - existing on less than a

dollar a day by the year 2015, to halting and reversing the

scourge of AIDS by then.

U.N.members also are called on to commit themselves to

ensuring that by 2015 all children complete primary schooling

and that the gender gap is eliminated at all levels of

education.

In the most sweeping redefinition of the world

organisation's mission since its founding in 1945, Annan set

ambitious goals for a planet whose population has more than

doubled since then - from fewer than 2.5 billion to 6 billion

people.

Listing global issues under the headings of freedom from

want, freedom from fear and the freedom of future generations

to sustain their lives on this planet, he said the last was

not clearly identified in the U.N.Charter because in 1945 our

founders could scarcely imagine that it would ever be

threatened.

"If I could sum it up in one sentence, I should say we are

plundering our children's heritage to pay for our present

unsustainable practices," Annan said, calling for the

reduction of "greenhouse gases" responsible for global

warming.

At a press conference after the General Assembly session,

Annan was asked what he would tell governments that wish to

deprive their citizens of Internet access.He said, "I know it

is frightening for those who want to control everything, but

it is simply not going to be possible.And I would urge them

to be forward looking for the sake of their people and their

nation."

Asked about readiness to implement peace in the Congo,

Annan told a reporter,"If those people who signed the

ceasefire (in Congo) are prepared to implement it, if they

really are serious then it's possible to do this.It's

possible to implement this, even without people there to

observe it.If those people there were really serious we're

prepared to help them deploy troops.But if it is serious what

can explain the fact that the war goes on.That's the thing.

The Secretary General's document on the millennium is

intended to form the basis of discussion for what is billed as

the biggest gathering of world leaders at a Millennium U.N.

Summit set for Sept.6-8.

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Reference:3263/00
Tape:6219
Timecode:16:20:47:00 - 16:26:05:24
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TapeTimecode:16:20:47 - 16:26:06
OriginalDate:APRIL 3, 2000 AND FILE
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UNITED NATIONS (APRIL 3, 2000) (UNTV-ACCESS ALL)


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