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UNITED NATIONS: U.N. MILLENNIUM SUMMIT ENDS WITH DECLARATION PLEDGING EFFORTS IN PURSUIT OF PEACE, SECURITY, DISARMAMENT AND ERADICATION OF POVERTY

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Heads of state and government leaders from more than

150 countries ended an unprecedented U.N. Millennium Summit on

Friday (September 8) by setting an ambitious course for the

21st century.

A resolution in the form of a Millennium Declaration

pledged efforts in pursuit of peace, security, disarmament and

the eradication of poverty.

The declaration endorsed targets set by Secretary-General

Kofi Annan in a near-Utopian report last April that called for

halving by the year 2015 the 22 percent of the world's

population now existing on less than a dollar a day.

It also aimed at halting and reversing by then the

scourge of AIDS, malaria and other major diseases.

By the same date, the world leaders resolved, boys and

girls alike should be able to complete a full course of

primary schooling, with maternal mortality reduced by

three-quarters of current rates and under-5 child mortality

cut by two-thirds.

As the summit came to a close Annan addressed the audience in

the UN saying, "You have said that it is intolerable as we

enter a new century that millions of innocent people as well

as women and children should still fall victim to brutal conflict.

We all know that in this area the United Nations has fallen short

of the world's expectations. We must strengthen our capacity and

improve our performance so that vulnerable communities feel

able to count on us in their hour of need"

The theme of the three-day Millennium Summit was "the

United Nations in the 21st Century," with the declaration

billed as its crowning achievement.

But much of the business of diplomacy was transacted on

the margins of the Summit, away from the mind-numbing oratory

of more than 60 speeches a day, in secluded meeting rooms,

hotel lounges and specially constructed niches at U.N.

headquarters.

Perhaps the most closely followed developments outside

the Assembly hall were those connected with U.S. President

Bill Clinton's efforts to revive Israeli-Palestinian peace

talks that foundered at Camp David in July.

But as the Summit closed, no solution had yet been found

for the highly emotive issue of the future of Jerusalem.

The declaration adopted as the centrepiece of the Summit

enshrined the fundamental values of freedom, equality,

solidarity, tolerance, respect for nature and shared

responsibility.

The document also took aim at such evils as transnational

crime, including trafficking in human beings and

money laundering. Also targeted were drugs and the illicit

traffic in small arms that fuel numerous low-tech wars.

Without mentioning any specific examples, the declaration

promised to minimize the adverse effects of U.N. economic

sanctions on innocent populations and to strive for the

elimination of weapons of mass destruction, particularly

nuclear arms.

In a bid to meet Africa's special needs, it promised to

support the consolidation of democracy there and to take

"special measures to address the challenges of

poverty-eradication and sustainable development."

The means cited included debt-cancellation, improved

market access and increased flows of foreign investment and

technology transfers.

A week before the opening of the Olympic Games in

Sydney, Australia, the declaration urged U.N. members "to

observe the Olympic Truce," now and in the future. This

ancient Greek tradition, revived by the General Assembly in

1993, stopped wars in their tracks, enabling athletes to

travel and compete without fear of death or capture.

The world leaders pledged to make the United Nations a

more effective instrument for pursuing the declaration's goals

by reaffirming the central role of the 189-member General

Assembly, intensifying long-delayed efforts to reform the

15-nation Security Council and strengthening the Hague-based

World Court.

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Reference:11893/00
Tape:6654
Timecode:16:15:39:00 - 16:17:48:24
Duration:00:02:09:24
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Subset:Reuters Television
Source:UNTV 09 SEPTEMBER 2000 EDIT 601 WORLD 1
TapeTimecode:16:15:39 - 16:17:49
OriginalDate:SEPTEMBER 8, 2000
Location:UNITED NATIONS
ColourBW:COLOUR
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UNITED NATIONS (SEPTEMBER 9, 2000) (UNTV - ACCESS ALL)



1.
VARIOUS DELEGATES AT THE MILLENNIUM SUMMIT APPLAUDING THE ADOPTION OF RESOLUTION/GAVEL SOUNDED (4 SHOTS)
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2.
SV: (SOUNDBITE) (English) KOFI ANNAN, U.N. SECRETARY GENERAL, SAYING: "You have said that it is intolerable as we enter a new century that millions of innocent people as well as women and children should still fall victim to brutal conflict. We all know that in this area the United Nations has fallen short of the world's expectations. We must strengthen our capacity and improve our performance so that vulnerable communities feel able to count on us in their hour of need"
1.15


3.
WS/SV: DELEGATES LISTENING (2 SHOTS)
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3.
VARIOUS DELEGATES STAND FOR A MINUTE OF SILENCE (3 SHOTS)
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4.
SV/PAN: SUMMIT DECLARED CLOSED (2 SHOTS)
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