Further evidence and complaints to BBC
13 August 2014
MDG targets on survival, water, sanitation, hunger and economics are not the pledges of 2000
BBC misled over years that targets proposed in 2001 are the harder targets world leaders pledged in the 2000 Declaration
* Pledges have harder 2000 baseline, not 1990
* Pledges use global proportions – harder due to population growth in some countries
* General Assembly reaffirmed Declaration in 2005
(... In 2005 the General Assembly reaffirmed the Declaration, so it is difficult to see how MDG targets agreed in 2002 [sic] could override related pledges of 2000.)
"the goals, or targets, the United Nations set in the year 2000
...There have been many international goals or targets against poverty that have not been met in the past. So, will these eight goals be any different? ....
Mark Malloch-Brown, former Head of the United Nations Development Programme:
"It does need...a complete break from business as usual – a hundred and eighty governments meeting at the Millennium General Assembly
solemnly adopted these simple straightforward eight goals
and as it happens 2015 will pretty much coincide with the end of my, sort of, active years in development so I’ll either go out with a big gold watch having met the goals or presumably will be driven off into a humiliated retirement somewhere."
(The guest appears to be referring to targets as goals, since there was no expectation of the actual goals being met. It is then at least unclear why he was referring to the "goals" as being "solemnly adopted" by 180 governments when the General Assembly in fact reaffirmed the Declaration itself in 2005.)
More or Less, Radio 4
3 December 2007
"when the politicians promise to lift half the world's poor above the dollar-a-day threshold"
("promise" would naturally be taken as referring to the MDG target, since that is what the BBC talked about usually. But the actual promise was in the Declaration. The UN resolution of 2005 was unquestionably a fudge in that it reaffirmed the Declaration (which did not talk about 1990 and mentioned reducing deaths from "current rates") and then went on to talk about the MDGs (some of whose targets were about reducing between 1990 and 2015). While some things were added in the "MDG" formulation, such as sanitation, some of the targets now used are easier than for governments to fulfil what they had "resolved" in 2000 to achieve. The implication of the BBC's words would be that a promise on the easier MDG targets was made in 2000, which is not true.)
Did the General Assembly agree that the MDG targets supersede the pledges?
2005: Member states "reaffirm the United Nations Millennium Declaration"
General Assembly Resolution 60/1, 2005
Again, the Declaration stated,
"We therefore pledge our unstinting support for these
common objectives and our determination to achieve them."
The 2005 resolution says:
"we further resolve:...To assist developing countries’ efforts to prepare integrated water... plans as part of their national development strategies and to provide access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation in accordance with the Millennium Declaration and the Johannesburg Plan of Implementation, including halving by 2015 the proportion of people who are unable to reach or afford safe drinking water and who do not have access to basic sanitation"
Sounds like a commitment to the Declaration's target to me. [Note: I am very aware that some of the UN statistics and statements about them are dodgy]
"171. We call for strengthened cooperation between the United Nations and national and regional parliaments, in particular through the Inter-Parliamentary Union, with a view to furthering all aspects of the Millennium Declaration"